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SCIENCE STUDY

Adapting words for meaning

作者:TEENS
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改变词义时, 前缀和后缀哪一个更普遍?

In the English language, there is a tendency to use suffixes (后缀) to change the meaning of words. For example, by adding the suffix “-less” to the word “care”, the meaning of “care” is changed. Many linguistic researchers thought that the preference for suffixes over prefixes (前缀) was universal when changing the meaning of words. However, a new study reveals that this is not true. For example, speakers of the African Bantu language Kîîtharaka tend to alter the beginning of words using prefixes. “This finding really challenged a previous claim about human language,” Alexander Martin, a language researcher at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, told Science Daily.

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