La Traviata (1853) is one of the most successful of all operas. It is the story of “a fallen woman” (the meaning of “La Traviata”), or a courtesan (交际花). The opera is the work of two men. The composer (作曲家) is Italian Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901). He had many successes in the opera houses of the mid-19th century. But the words of the opera – the libretto – are the work of Francesca Maria Piave (1810-1876), from a play by French author Alexandre Dumas.