Audiences of a comedy in classical Greece would enjoy singing, dancing, clowning (扮小丑) and strange costumes – a real variety. And indeed, the Greek comedies were really like a modern variety show, with different acts over the course of an evening. When we think about Greek comedies we should bear this in mind. A play by Aristophanes (446-386 BC) was written to entertain in this expected way. But although these plays were light-hearted, they were also, in their way, quite satirical (讥讽的). Aristophanes liked to include references to aspects of contemporary life, and to ridicule (嘲讽) these aspects.